Traffic jam in the protein factory
When genes are being read too slowly, a cell is threatened by burnout
The production of proteins in cells is an absolutely essential process: difficulties that may arise in the protein factory will have a strong impact on the whole organism - diseases are often the result. Max Planck Research group leader Dr. Sebastian Leidel and his colleague Dr. Danny Nedialkova have now for the first time in living cells shown that a tiny missing modification on transfer-RNA (tRNA) is slowing down the protein production and causes a traffic jam in the protein factory. The consequence: protein chains are misfolded. Protein aggregates, as we know them from Alzheimer and Parkinson, will accumulate. The cells try to repair the damage, however, they do not always succeed and finally collapse. This study, published in the renowned scientific journal Cell on June 4th, 2015, provides a first direct explanation of how tiny defective or missing modifications on tRNA could elicit neurodegenerative diseases.